Cardio Tennis

What is Cardio Tennis ?

Sick and tired of running on treadmill or doing boring cardio workouts to lose weight or increase your endurance. You don’t have to be Rafael Nadal or Sam Stosur to enjoy the energising workout that is Cardio Tennis! Constant movement is the focus as a Tennis Canada qualified coach guides you through a series of fun and heart-pumping drills that cater for all abilities and fitness levels.

On average a Cardio Tennis workout runs for 60 minutes and comprises three basic elements:

  • warm-up
  • cardio segment (drill-based and play-based activities)
  • cool down.

The program is designed for participants to wear heart rate monitors (available for purchase at the www.SwingSchool.ca), exercise to music, play with low-compression balls and use a variety of equipment to achieve the perfect workout. And, at the end of your session, you can check your stats on the heart-rate monitor to find out just how hard you worked!

Lose weight, get fit, have fun

Cardio Tennis is enjoyed best with friends – male or female. If you don’t like exercising alone, then you will find Cardio Tennis the perfect motivator. Get a group of mates together or make some new friends in a fun and active atmosphere!

As well as being social, it’s a great way to boost your fitness and lose weight. According to the Tennis Industry Association, during a Cardio Tennis session, women will burn between 300 and 500 calories, and men will burn around 500–800 calories (on average).

When and How?

Cardio Tennis at “The Swing School” will be run on a term basis similar to our group coaching programs. You fill out a registration form and do fun and heart-pumping tennis-based activities!

Cardio tennis will run on the following days:

Monday – Friday 9-10 pm, 10-11 am

Saturday 8-9 am, 11-12 pm

Sunday 8-9 am, 11-12 pm

Cost $150 per month (based on once a week work-out)

Meeting the Energy Demand

First, it is important to understand that there are three energy-generating pathways – one aerobic (dependent on oxygen) and two anaerobic (not dependent on oxygen) pathways. All of these pathways are important for the sport of tennis given that the sport relies heavily on anaerobic metabolism for serving, sprinting, jumping, and hitting, while also requiring adequate aerobic capacity in order to sustain match play for up to 5 hours.

The immediate source of energy for all muscle contractions is a chemical called adenosine triphosphate (ATP) which occurs naturally in the body.

The energy needed for muscle contraction is produced when an ATP molecule is broken down into adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and phosphate. The three energy systems described below all function to replenish the ATP stores in a muscle.

ATP-PCr System (anaerobic)

At the beginning of maximal exercise your oxygen supply cannot meet your energy demands, and therefore work is anaerobic. During this period you are using your phosphocreatine (PCr) stores to supply immediate energy using the ATP-PCr system (also called the immediate, or phosphagen, energy system).

A muscle cell has a small amount of ATP floating around that it can use immediately, but only enough to last for about three seconds. However, ATP can be resynthesized from a compound called creatine phosphate until these stores are depleted.

The PCr system can supply the energy needs of working muscles at a high rate for only 8-10 seconds. In tennis, the ball is in play for about 10-30% of the time and out of play for about 70-90% of the time (i.e. 3-8 seconds of work with 15-25 seconds of rest per point). These data suggest that the ATP-PCr system is mainly used during tennis, with restoration of the PCr in the recovery periods between points and games.

Anaerobic Glycolysis (anaerobic)

As the limited PCr stores dwindles, another anaerobic system known as the glycolytic or the short-term energy system takes over. Carbohydrate, in the form of glucose or glycogen can be broken down to a molecule called pyruvate and provide energy in the form of ATP via the “fast glycolytic” pathway.

The pyruvate is converted to lactic acid and then to lactate. Lactic acid inhibits the very process that created it. Lactic acid in the muscle interferes with and diminishes the energy output of the glycolytic energy system.

This system provides most of the energy for moderate to high intensity exercise lasting up to 2 minutes. The glycolytic pathway comes into play during intense rallies that last longer than 10 to 15 seconds, or when recovery periods during practice or play are kept very short.

Oxidative Metabolism (aerobic)

The oxidative metabolism system, also known as the long-term energy system, can produce 12-13 times more ATP molecules than fast glycolysis, but it takes longer. If the exercise intensity is submaximal and there is plenty of oxygen present, then the aerobic system will be utilised.

Carbohydrate, fat and protein can all be used as fuel sources for aerobic metabolism. The first step is “slow glycolysis”, which follows exactly the same series of reactions as fast glycolysis, but pyruvate is sent to the mitochondria in the cells to be converted to acetyl CoA rather than lactic acid. Following glycolysis, further ATP can be produced through the Krebs cycle, electron transport chain and beta oxidation.

This energy system comes into play during any exercise lasting longer than one minute, and as duration of exercise goes beyond several minutes, aerobic energy production becomes increasingly more important.

Even when the intensity of play is high and the anaerobic systems are utilised, oxidative metabolism continues at the same time. When the exercise intensity falls, i.e., between points, aerobic metabolism is already working to rapidly help the muscle cells to recover.

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